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Category: Nutrition
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  1. Asexual
  2. Sexual

 

Asexual reproduction

Genetically identical cells/ offspring are produced from a single parent cell through mitosis. Occurs in unspecialized organisms

Single organism divides mitotically to produce genetically identical organisms.


1. Binary fission
2. Multiple fission

binary fission

Reproduction of unicellular organisms by mitosis into two equal daughter cells.

 

multiple fission

Production of many identical daughter cells by dividing one mother cell, which undergo mitosis.

budding

New individual is produced as an outgrowth of a cell or parent’s body and become separated from the rest.

 

 

Breaking of an organism into several parts, each of which grows to form a new organism.

 

Formation of uninucleated or multinucleated structures which form fungal hyphae, filamentous bacteria or adults of some other organisms.

 

Advantages and Disadvantages of Asexual reproduction

1. Only one parent is required.
2. Genetically identical offspring are produced.
3. Rapid multiplication in number

1. Many will fail to germinate, without suitable place for germination. (spores)

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